- An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. In popular literature though, it often refers to one of the energy sources used at a certain time and place. Energy runs machinery in factories, lights our cities and powers our vehicles.
- The usage and pricing of gasoline results from factors such as crude oil prices, processing and distribution costs, local demand, the strength of local currencies, local taxation, and the availability of local sources of gasoline (supply).
- per annum: by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received); “he earned $100,000 per annum”; “we issue six volumes per annum”
- per calendar year, unless stated otherwise, for phase-in substances that have been imported or manufactured for at least three consecutive years, quantities per years shall be calculated on the basis of the average production or import volumes for the three preceding calendar years.
- The result obtained by adding several quantities together and then dividing this total by the number of quantities; the mean
- An amount, standard, level, or rate regarded as usual or ordinary
- The apportionment of financial liability resulting from loss of or damage to a ship or its cargo
- a statistic describing the location of a distribution; “it set the norm for American homes”
- approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; “the average income in New England is below that of the nation”; “of average height for his age”; “the mean annual rainfall”
- amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain; “The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40″
LEFTIST REGULATION OF ……..WELL EVERYTHING…..MORE EPA REGULATORY CRAP
3/29/2013 08:00 AM
Expensive gasoline is a signature of the Obama Era, and it’s going to shoot up another 6 to 9 cents per gallon under new Environmental Protection Agency rules, if the oil industry’s estimates are correct. An estimated additional cost of $130 per car on new vehicles will also be part of the package. The goal of these regulations is to reduce tailpipe emissions by cutting down on the amount of sulfur and nitrogen oxide in gasoline. The cost won’t be easily absorbed by a weak economy struggling to emerge from years of anemic growth.
The EPA, of course, says the gas price increase will be much smaller – only a penny or two per gallon – but as Charles Drevna, head of the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, ruefully noted to Fox News, “I haven’t seen an EPA rule on fuels that has come out since 1995 that hasn’t said it would cost only a penny or two more.” For what it’s worth, the American Energy Alliance notes that the price of gasoline in California, where these fuel standards are already in effect, is 38.9 cents per gallon higher than the national average.
It should come as no surprise that much of this proposed gas price increase is a tithe to the bizarre Church of Global Warming, which soldiers on even after the total debunking of “global warming” mythology over the past two years. In fact, according to CNS News, the Obama Administration is now amusing itself by issuing reports that say we were going to have a brutal Ice Age, but “because of humans, the next ice age has been ‘delayed indefinitely.’” That’s how the cult leaders are claiming that global warming is real, despite the utter lack of verifiable evidence that any significant “climate change” is occurring. So… another wing of the Administration wants to spend billions to reduce the very same emissions that are protecting us from a new Ice Age?
But leaving the radical environmental lunacy aside, there could be significant health benefits from the new regulations due to reduced sulfur emissions, and the corresponding health care savings might offset, or even outweigh, the increased gasoline cost. Some auto manufacturers think the new standards will also improve fuel efficiency, which would ameliorate sticker shock at the pump.
All of these possible benefits and costs are hotly debated between supporters and critics of the new EPA regulations. It seems like the sort of discussion that should be carried out before the American people, so we can decide if we want this or not. There are supposed to be public hearings before the plan is finalized, so American consumers would be well-advised to pay close attention and keep in touch with their representatives. (Sadly, it’s more likely that people will pay scant attention to the hearings, and then howl in shocked outrage when gas prices shoot up again.) Perhaps the public would be willing to pay as much as 9 cents a gallon more for gas in return for the promised health and environmental benefits, summarized by the Chicago Tribune as follows:
A study released by Navigant Consulting last year said the rules could cut healthcare costs for lung and heart diseases by $5 billion to $6 billion a year by 2020 and by double that amount by 2030.
“This is the first big environmental initiative in the Obama administration’s second term,” said Frank O’Donnell, president of Clean Air Watch, who was briefed on Thursday. “It is the most effective tool available to reduce smog.”
The EPA estimates total health savings from the proposed rules would be between $8 billion and $23 billion annually by 2030 and that every dollar spent to comply with the rules would yield seven dollars in healthcare savings. It estimates some 2,400 premature deaths would be prevented by 2030.
For its part, the petroleum industry notes that it already spent $10 billion reducing sulfur content by 90 percent, and would now be asked to spend a comparable amount to achieve a far smaller incremental reduction. Also, the energy consumed during the extended refining process might actually increase carbon pollution.
There’s one other potential economic benefit to the new regulations, which explains why some in the auto industry support them. These standards already apply in California, so the EPA would essentially be extending California standards nationwide. Maintaining higher standards in one state imposes extra costs upon manufacturers – a phenomenon that has affected other industries, notably the regulation of phosphate content in dishwasher detergent. The oil industry would probably counter by arguing that extending California’s expensive standards to the rest of the country might not be the ideal path to uniformity, but there are undeniably cost savings from uniform national standards.
Americans seem to have accepted the New Normal of high gas prices, so even the worst-case 9 cent per gallon increase from these standards won’t be as noticeable as it would have been, back when ga
from Boulder to Detroit 529
644 is the number of miles on one tank at the point ot the screen shot. The 5, 10, 15, etc minute increments show what the average mileage was going backwards from the current point in time. So on this trip, 20 minutes ago, I was getting an average of about 65 miles per gallon because the bar is somewhere between 50 and 75.
Every time I refuel I press the "reset" button next to it to zero out the average mileage, time lapse mileage and total miles calculated. It’s a lot of fun to see what you’re doing. It makes you do better – like a video game but with a practical purpose.
I spent just $600 in gas for 12,000 miles going all over the US and Canada! That’s a year’s worth of driving in 2 months for very little contribution to world oil demand. A regular car would have cost $1,600 for gas for those same miles.